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Bob McMillanAn Opinion

By Bob McMillan
Presidents v. The Supreme Court

The recent political chatter about “Obamacare” before the Supreme Court of the United States got a great deal of media attention.  President Obama added fuel to the fire when he declared, “Ultimately, I am confident the Supreme Court will not take what would be an unprecedented, extraordinary step of overturning a law that was passed by a strong majority of a democratically elected Congress.”

For someone who was a law professor those words were absurd.  Even if a bill passed unanimously in the house and senate, it could still be overturned – if the law was in violation of the Constitution.


Michael Miller

Viewpoint

By Michael Miller
1959: The Year The Music Stopped Playing

Nelson Rockefeller’s nomination for Governor in 1958 was partly an upstate revolt against the continued domination of party affairs by the Nassau Republican organization. Rockefeller was a man who always had bigger fish to fry, and throughout his almost 15 years as governor, he often went out of his way not to step on the toes of the touchy Nassau GOP. That’s why Nassau is the only large New York county without a state office building. Respect the turf.

Just before taking office, Rockefeller announced that State Senator William Hults would be Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, but not until the end of the 1959 legislative session, so that Glen Cove, North Hempstead, Oyster Bay and a sliver of Hempstead wouldn’t lose their Senate representation until 1960.


Mike BarryEye on the Island

By Mike Barry
The Eccentric Heiress Of ‘Empty Mansions’

The Nassau County district attorney’s (DA) office makes a cameo appearance in Empty Mansions, an incredible book about Huguette Clark (1906-2011), the Manhattan-raised heiress whose generosity and eccentricities were legendary.

Now that Ryan Murphy, a creator of television’s “Glee,” has optioned Empty Mansions’ film rights, I imagine a scrum of top actresses are vying to play Clark.


What We Name Things Matters

After an ongoing controversy about the future of recreational and catering facilities in the “Roslyn Country Club” section of Roslyn Heights, the North Hempstead Town Board has created a special district to run a tentatively named “Levitt Park at Roslyn Heights.”

Levitt & Sons, homebuilders, was a family-run business. But from the late 1930s on, the front person in every way was William J. Levitt, one of the sons. Bill Levitt was a complicated figure, a man of multiple dimensions and motivations. This was a man who, prior to the Second World War, sold homes in Manhasset with restrictive covenants banning sales to Jews, even though he himself was a Jew who lived in Manhasset. This man had layers.

Whatever they did, for good or bad, the Levitts were certainly not alone in how they thought, enabled by the local political establishment. The Roslyn Country Club colony couldn’t have been built without a border change that took it out of the Village of Old Westbury.

The Country Club colony, sold in two phases in 1949 and 1950, was presented by the Levitts and their public relations machine in tandem with the immense Levittown project. The two projects shared newspaper advertising, and the main sales office and demonstration model for Levittown was walking distance from Roslyn Country Club. A Levitt company selling strategy was to include recreational facilities in their new developments; they built six swimming pools in 1949 alone.

Half the Roslyn Country Club land sat on the former Draper estate, and the mansion was refurbished and made into a neighborhood clubhouse. When the houses were sold, Levitt reneged on promises (according to a State Supreme Court referee ruling in 1958) and sold the clubhouse to a private company. That’s another connection to Levittown. In 1953, after town governments refused to pick up the costs, Levitt closed Levittown Hall and some pools and playing fields, causing an ongoing controversy over park districts and fees.

There was no special, personal connection between the Levitts and Roslyn Heights. It was strictly business. That was Bill Levitt’s public mantra in defense of his actions.

From the first moment the Levitts applied for mortgage insurance on Levittown houses in 1947, they were pressured by state and regional Federal Housing Administration officials to drop their formal racial exclusion policies. By 1949, these officials were publicly suggesting that Washington should grant them the power to withhold support. The policy was dropped for new sales, but was enforced through existing deeds and leases to varying degrees until 1953. For half a century, the sins of the Long Island housing-real estate-political complex marred reputations of good people in Levittown.

The Levitts were wrong. They didn’t need the race clauses to sell their houses. In 1963, two weeks before Dr. King gave his famous speech at the Lincoln Memorial, there was Bill Levitt, Spokesman of the Industry, in headlines across America defending the right of builders to refuse to sell to African-Americans where segregated neighborhoods were the custom. He considered Long Island to be one of those places, and Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland, where Levittowns II, III and IV went up, amid picket lines and state government lawsuits. There’s no clear evidence that Bill Levitt was personally bigoted. He made it clear that it was strictly business, which probably makes it all worse.

Levitt & Sons finally adopted an open-housing policy in April 1968, five days after Dr. King’s assassination.

It wasn’t Bill Levitt’s job to enlighten a population or broaden people’s minds. The Levitts made houses. It was the people who lived in those houses who made communities. The park’s name should reflect that.